Dr Michelle Fountain

Head of Pest and Pathogen Ecology
Department:Pest & Pathogen Ecology
Tel:+44 (0)1732 843833
DD:+44 (0)1732 523749
Fax:+44 (0)1732 849067

Research Interests

Fruit Pest Entomologist, Fruit Pollination Ecologist

My interests primarily revolve around the minimisation of pesticide use in fruit horticulture, improving pollination in fruit crops and incorporating modern fruit growing practices with Integrated Pest Management. The former includes research on improving pest monitoring by developing pheromone monitoring traps, optimising the use of biological control agents and enhancing and fostering local ecology to provide the ecosystem service of pest control. Pollination research is mainly focused around the identification and enhancement of key insect pollinators of a range of UK grown fruit crops including blackcurrant, apple, pear and strawberry. I lead research into invasive pest species, such as, Drosophila suzukii. My taxonomic skills include the identification of Collembola, Araneae and fruit crop fauna. I communicate research to growers and presents papers at national and international conferences. I am involved in the publication of best practice guides.

Selected Publications

  • Shaw, B., Brain, P., Wijnen, H. & Fountain, M.T.. (2018a). Reducing Drosophila Suzukii emergence through inter-species competition. Pest Management Science,. 74, 1466-1471.
  • Shaw, B., Fountain, M. & Wijnen, H. (2018b). Recording and reproducing the diurnal oviposition rhythms of wild populations of the soft- and stone- fruit pest Drosophila suzukii, PLOS ONE,. 13.
  • Baroffio C.A., Sigsgaard, E.J. Ahrenfeldt, A.-K. Borg-Karlson, S.A. Bruun, J.V. Cross, M.T.Fountain, D. Hall, R. Mozuraitis, B. Ralle, N.Trandem, A. Wibe . (2018). Combining plant volatiles and pheromones to catch two insect pests in the same trap: examples from two berry crops. Crop Protection. 109,. 1-8.
  • Hodgkiss D, Brown M, Fountain MT . (2018). Syrphine hoverflies are effective pollinators of commercial strawberry. Journal of Pollination Ecology, 22(6),. 55-66.
  • Fountain MT, Bennett J, Cobo-Medina M, Conde Ruiz R, Deakin G, Delgado A, Harrison R, Harrison N. (2018). Alimentary microbes of winter-form Drosophila suzukki. Insect Molecular Biology, doi: 10.1111/imb. 12377..
  • Shaw B, Brain P, Wijnen H, Fountain MT. (2018). Reducing Drosphila suzukii emergence through inter-species competition. Pest Management Science. doi:10.1002/ps4836.
  • Shaw, B, Brian, P, Wijnen, H, Fountain, MT (accepted). (2017). Reducing Drosophila suzukii emergence through inter-species competition. Pest Management Science.
  • Morris, M.G., Mendel M., Barclay M.V.L., Booth R.G., Cannon M.F.L., Conroy C.E., Csokay L.K., Fisher C., Fountain M.T., Jay C.N., . (2017). Anthonomus spilotus Redtenbacher, 1847 (Curculionidae) new to Britain, a pest in pear orchards in Southern England. The Coleopterist,. 26(2): 117-122.
  • Hall D, Farman D, Douglas P, Cross J, Fountain, M, Shaw B. (2017). Components of the sex pheromone of blackcurrant sawfly, Nematus olfaciens (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae): novel isopropyl esters and the role of hydrocarbons. IOBC-WPRS Bulletin Vol. 126. 34-39.
  • Harris AL, Ullah R and Fountain MT. (2017). The evaluation of extraction techniques for Tetranychus urticae (Trombidiformes: Tetranychidae) from apple (Malus domestica) and cherry (Prunus avium L.) leaves. Experimental and Applied Acarology. 72: 367-377.
  • Fountain MT, Catherine Baroffio, Anna-Karin Borg-Karlson, Phil Brain, Jerry V. Cross, Dudley I. Farman, David R. Hall, Baiba Ralle, Paulo Rendina, Pauline Richoz, Lene Sigsgaard. (2017). Design and deployment of semiochemical traps for capturing Anthonomus rubi Herbst (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and Lygus rugulipennis Poppius (Hetereoptera: Miridae) in soft fruit crops. Crop Protection, 99. 1-9.
  • Noble R, A Dobrovin-Pennington, B Shaw, DS Buss, JV Cross, MT Fountain. (2017). Fermentation for Disinfesting Fruit Waste From Drosophila Species (Diptera: Drosophilidae). Journal Environmental Entomology, 46 (4). 939 - 945.
  • Garratt MPD, Breeze TD, Boreux V, Fountain MT, McKerchar M, Webber SM, et al.. (2016). Apple Pollination: Demand Depends on Variety and Supply Depends on Pollinator Identity. PLoS One 11. (5): e0153889. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0153889.
  • Gill, R.J., Baldock, K.C.R., Brown, M.J.F., Cresswell, J.E., Dicks, L.V., Fountain, M.T., Garratt, M.P.D., Gough, L.A., Heard, M.S., Holland, J.M., Ollerton, J., Stone, G.N., Tang, C.Q., Vanbergen, A.J., Vogler, A.P., Woodward, G., Arce, A.N., Boatman, N.D., Brand-Hardy, R., Breeze, T.D., Green, M., Hartfield, C.M., O’Connor, R.S., Osborne, J.L., Phillips, J., Sutton, P.B., Potts, S.G. (2016). Protecting an ecosystem service: approaches to understanding and mitigating threats to wild insect pollinators Advances in Ecological Research 54. 135-206.
  • Fountain MT, Harris AL . (2015). Non-target consequences of insecticides used in apple and pear orchards on Forficula auricularia L. (Dermaptera: Forficulidae) Biological Control 91. 27-33.
  • Cross JV, Fountain MT, Marko V, Nagy C . (2015). Arthropod ecosystem services in apple orchards and their economic benefits Ecological Entomology, 40 (suppl. 1). 82-96.
  • Fountain MT, Medd N . (2015). Integrating pesticides and predatory mites in soft fruit crops Phytoparasitica. 43, Issue 5. 657-667.
  • Fountain M.T., Jåstad G., Hall D., Douglas P., Farman D., Cross J.V. (2014). Further studies on sex pheromones of female Lygus and related bugs: Development of effective lures and investigation of species-specificity. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 40. 71-83. DOI 10.1007/s10886-013-0375-z.
  • Xiang-Ming Xu*, Chantelle N. Jay, Michelle T. Fountain, Judit Linka, Jean D. Fitzgerald. (2014). Development and validation of a model forecasting the phenology of European tarnished plant bug Lygus rugulipennis in the U.K. Agricultural and Forest Entomology, 16(3). 265-272. DOI: 10.1111/afe.12054.
  • Wibe, A., Borg-Karlson, A.-K., Cross, J., Bichao, H., Fountain M., Liblikase, I, Sigsgaard, L. (2014). Combining 1,4-dimethoxybenzene, the major flower volatile of wild strawberry Fragaria vesca, with the aggregation pheromone of the strawberry blossom weevil Anthonomus rubi improves attraction Crop Protection, 64. 122-128.
  • Fountain, M.T. (2014). Pollinators of UK perennial fruit crops. Pollinators in Agriculture Association of Applied Biologists conference Brussels (1-3 April 2014).
  • Gregory, P.J., Bishop G.J., Fountain, M., Harrison, R.J. and Saville, R.J. (2013). One hundred years of research at East Malling: science into practice for perennial fruit crops. Annals of Appl. Biol. 163. 1-11.
  • Fountain MT, Saville RJ . (2013). Apple crop walkers’ guide.  Horticultural Development Company.
  • Fountain MT, Nagy C, Harris AL, Cross JV . (2013). Importance of naturally occurring predators for pear sucker control.  Integrated protection of fruit crops, IOBC-WPRS Bulletin, 91. 117-125.
  • Dicks, L.V., Abraham, A., Atkinson, J., Biesmeijer, J., Bourn, N., Brown, C., Brown, M., Carvell, C., Connolly, C., Cresswell, J., Croft, P., Darvill, B., de Zylva, P., Effingham, P., Fountain, M., Goggin, A., Harding, D., Harding, T., Hartfield, C., Heard, M.S., Heathcote, R., Heaver, D., Holland, J., Howe, M., Hughes, B., Huxley, T., Kunin, W.E., Little, J., Mason, M., Memmott, J., Osborne, J., Pankhurst, T., Paxton, R.J., Pocock, M., Potts, S.G., Power, E., Raine, N., Ranelagh, N., Roberts, S., Saunders, R., Smith, K., Smith, R.M., Sutton, P., Tilley, L., Tinsley, A., Tonhasca, A., Vanbergen, A.J., Webster, S., Wilson, A. & Sutherland, W.J. (2013). Identifying key knowledge needs for evidence-based conservation of wild insect pollinators: a collaborative cross-sectoral exercise. Insect Conservation and Diversity. Insect Conservation and Diversity Volume 6, Issue 3. pages 435–446.
  • Fountain M.T., Jåstad G., Hall D., Douglas P., Farman D., Cross J.V. (2013). Sex pheromones of Lygus bugs: forty years on Aspects of Applied Biology. Fruits and Roots: A Celebration and Forward Look, 119, 105-106.
  • Fountain MT, Harris AL, Xu X, Cross JV. (2012). Timing and efficacy of insecticides for control of mussel scale, Lepidosaphes ulmi, on apple using predictive models. Crop Protection, 31. 58-66.
  • Fountain MT, Cross JV, Farman D, Hall D . (2011). Using pheromones to monitor Lygus populations in fruit crops in the UK. Pheromones and other semio-chemicals IOBC/wprs Bulletin, 72 . 7-13.
  • Fountain MT, Dean R and Cross JV . (2011). The effect of pollinating insects on blackcurrant fruitset, yield and quality.  Integrated Plant Protection in Soft Fruits. IOBC/wprs Bulletin 70. 151-157.
  • Hall D, Shepherd T, Fountain M, Vétek G, Birch N, Jorna C, Farman D, Cross J . (2011). Investigation of attraction of raspberry cane midge, Resseliella theobaldi, to volatiles from wounded raspberry primocanes Integrated Plant Protection in Soft Fruits. IOBC/wprs Bulletin 70, 2011. 1-9.
  • Fountain MT., Harris AL, Cross JV . (2010). The use of surfactants to enhance acaricide control of Phytonemus pallidus (Acari: Tarsonemidae) in strawberry. Crop Protection 29. 1286-1292.
  • Bezemer TM, Fountain MT, Barea JM, Christensen S, Dekker SC, Duyts H, van Hal R, Harvey JA, Hedlund K, Maraun M, Mikola J, Mladenov AG, Robin C, de Ruiter PC, Scheu S, Setala H, Smilauer P, van der Putten WH. (2010). Divergent composition but similar function of soil food webs of individual plants: plant species and community effects. Ecology, 91 (10). 3027-3036.
  • Fountain MT, Cross JV, Jåstad G, Farman D, Hall D . (2010). Developing an effective trap and lure to monitor Lygus rugulipennis. IOBC/wprs Bulletin, 54. 47-51.
  • Cross JV, Fountain MT, Harris A & Harrington R . (2010). Autumn control of aphid pests of tree and bush fruit crops IOBC/WPRS Bulletin, 54. 239–242.
  • Fountain M, Cross J, Jaastad G, Farman D, Hall D . (2010). Developing an effective trap and lure to monitor Lygus rugulipennis IOBC/ wprs Bulletin 54. 47–51.
  • Markó V, Keresztes B, Fountain MT, Cross JV . (2009). Prey availability, pesticides and the abundance of orchard spider communities.  Biological Control, 48. 115-124.
  • Fountain MT, Thomas RS, Brown VK, Gange AC, Murray PJ, Symondson WOC . (2008). Effects of nutrient and insecticide treatments on invertebrate numbers and predation on slugs in upland grassland: a monoclonal antibody-based approach.  Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 131(3-4). 145-153.
  • Fountain MT, Brown VK, Gange AC, Symondson WOC, Murray PJ . (2008). Multitrophic effects of nutrient addition in upland grassland. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 98. 283–292.
  • Fountain M, Cross J, Jaastad G, Hall D. (2008). Some preliminary investigations into the sex pheromones of mirid soft fruit pests Integrated Plant Protection in Soft Fruits IOBC/wprs Bulletin 39. 33-40.
  • Fountain MT, Brown VK, Gange AC, Symondson WOC, Murray PJ . (2007). The effects of the insecticide chlorpyrifos on spider and Collembola communities.  Pedobiologia, 51. 147-158.
  • Fountain MT, Cross JV . (2007). The light brown apple moth, Epiphyas postvittana (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), in UK pome and stone fruit orchards.  Proceedings of IOBC Arthropods Sub Group Meeting Lleida Spain September 2006. IOBC Bulletin, 30(4). 51-60.
  • Apitz SE, Elliot M, Fountain MT, Hagger JA, Galloway TS . (2006). European Trends in Holistic Environmental Management. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management. 2(1). 80–85.
  • Fountain MT, Hopkin SP . (2005). Folsomia candida (Insecta: Collembola) the ‘standard’ test springtail. Annual Reviews of Entomology, 50. 201-222.
  • Fountain MT, Hopkin SP . (2004). Biodiversity of Collembola in urban soils and the use of Folsomia candida to assess soil 'quality'.  Ecotoxicology, 13. 555-572.
  • Fountain MT, Hopkin SP . (2004). A comparative study of the effects of metal contamination on Collembola in the field and in the laboratory. Ecotoxicology, 13. 573–587.
  • Fountain MT, Hopkin SP . (2000). Continuous monitoring of Folsomia candida (Insecta: Collembola) in a metal exposure test.  Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 48. 275-286.