Research Interests

Below is a list of current projects and research interests for the Resource Efficiency for Crop Production Programme.


Viticulture Science at NIAB EMR

NIAB EMR is partnering with UK vineyards to ensure that its world-class fruit science will play a significant role to further advance viticulture unique to the UK climate. The research programme The quality of UK wines has dramatically increased this last … Continue reading


Rootstock research at East Malling: a history

The very first work at East Malling Research looked at the relationship between tree anatomy and vigour, and its use as a screening tool in the early rootstock selection and breeding programmes. The growth and physiology of roots were studied … Continue reading


Organic waste treatment in the control of plant pathogens

Knowledge on the conversion of organic wastes and green mould control in mushroom cultivation has been transferred into plant pathogen control. Research at EMR has identified the conditions needed during composting and anaerobic digestion (AD) to eradicate a range of … Continue reading


WATERR – Water Advisory Team for Efficient Resource Recovery

East Malling Research is leading a project to support South East rural businesses to enhance their profitability and competitiveness by improving their water availability and irrigation use efficiency. The ‘Water Advisory Team for Efficient Resource Recovery’ (WATERR) project is part … Continue reading


EMR Rhizolab

The EMR Rhizolab is a unique facility that allows in situ observation and sampling of perennial crops, both above ground and below ground. This underground laboratory has been re-equipped to study the root growth of modern apple trees and perennial grasses, to understand the flow of carbon from plants to soil. Continue reading


Development of zero and minimal herbicide regimes for controlling weeds on hard surfaces and determining their emissions

The ‘Best Practice Guidance Notes for Integrated and Non-chemical Amenity Hard Surface Weed Control’ document is launched on 18 March 2015 and is available to view and download here. The aim of this project is to develop a weed control … Continue reading


Mushroom research at East Malling

Modern mushroom cultivation is an indoor, highly-intensive and controlled series of processes aimed at growing fungal cells, and so is very different from green crops. Up to nine crops per year are produced in a growing house. A number of … Continue reading


Produce Quality Centre

The Produce Quality Centre combines the technical expertise of East Malling Research and the University of Greenwich working to ensure food security and minimise waste throughout the food supply chain. Continue reading


Rootstock physiology

The root system of a fruit tree is crucial in determining water and nutrient uptake efficiency. The choice of rootstock will influence vigour, precocity, anchorage, yield, fruit quality, pest and disease resistance, drought stress resilience and overall health of the tree. Continue reading


Plant nutrition at EMR

Nutrients applied when they are not required by the plant result in economic and environmental losses. Under-supply relative to demand may limit plant growth and yield. Oversupply may result in losses of applied nutrients because of leaching or volatilisation and … Continue reading


Soil Science at EMR

The ‘ecosystem services’ provided by soil and growing media such as nutrient cycling, water provision/retention and organic matter decomposition are essential for food production. The majority of these processes are performed by microorganisms and a well-structured, fertile soil containing diverse … Continue reading


Water-use Efficiency

76% of growers in England and Wales farm in areas currently classified as being under ‘water stress’.  With additional pressures resulting from climate change and the need for greater production agricultural water demand is predicted to increase from between 25% … Continue reading