Recent publications – Xiangming Xu


  1. L.V. Madden, G. Hughes, W. Bucker Moraes, X.-M. Xu, W. W. Turechek (2017) Twenty-Five Years of the Binary Power Law for Characterizing Heterogeneity of Disease Incidence. Phytopathology In press
  2. Wang J.-J., Tao F., Tian W., Guo Z.F., Chen X.M., Xu X.-M., Shang H.S., Hu X.P. (2017) The wheat WRKY transcription factors TaWRKY49 and TaWRKY62 confer differential high-Temperature seedling-plant resistance to Puccinia striiformis sp. Tritici. PLOS ONE, July 25, 2017,
  3. Tang X.L., Cao X.-R., Luo Y., Ma, Z.H., Xu, X.-M., Jiang, Y.-Y., Fan, J.-R. Zhou Y.-L. (2017) Effects of climate change on epidemics of powdery mildew in winter wheat in China. Plant Disease, 101 (10), 1753-1760
  4. Xueren Cao, X-M. Xu, Haiyan Che, Yi Yang, Daquan Luo (2017) Distribution and fungicide sensitivity of Colletotrichum species complexes from rubber tree in Hainan, China. Plant Disease, 101 (10), 1774-1780
  5. Brown, S. Denman, S. Kirk, D. Williams, X.-M. Xu, M. Jeger (2017) The relationship between stem bleeding and D-shaped exit holes within acute oak decline sites. Agricultural and Forest Entomology, Forests, 87; doi:10.3390/f8030087
  6. Johann Martinez, E Luedeling, X-M. Xu, P. Hadley (2017) Delayed chilling appears to counteract flowering advances of apricot in southern UK. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 237-238, 209–218
  7. A.J. Passey, J.D. Robinson, M.W. Shaw, X.-M. Xu (2017) The relative importance of conidia and ascospores as primary inoculum of Venturia inaequalis in the United Kingdom. Plant Pathology, doi: 10.1111/ppa.12686
  8. Bernat, J. Segarra, X.-M. Xu, C. Casals, J. Usall (2017) Influence of temperature on decay, and mycelium development and sporodochia production caused by Monilinia fructicola and M. laxa on stone fruits. Food Microbiology 64, 112-118
  9. L-J Ma, X-P Hu, X-M Xu (2017) Effect of controlled fluctuating low temperatures on survival of Puccinia striiformis sp. Tritici. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 147: 713–716, doi:10.1007/s10658-016-1022-7


  1. Hu X-P, Ma L-J, Liu T-G, Wang C-H Wang, Peng Y-L, Pu Q, Xu X-M (2016) Population genetic analysis of Puccinia striiformis sp. tritici suggests two distinct populations in Tibet and the other regions of China. Plant Disease, 101: 288–296.
  2. Fan, S.J. Klosterman, C.-H. Wang, K.V. Subbarao, X.-M. Xu, W.J. Shang, X.-P. Hu (2016) Vayg1 is required for microsclerotium formation and melanin production in Verticillium dahliae. Fungal Genetics and Biology. 98: 1-11. doi: 10.1016/j.fgb.2016.11.003.
  3. Gomez-Cortecero, R.J. Saville, R.W.A. Scheper, J.K. Bowen, H.A. de Medeiros, J. Kingsnorth, X.-M. Xu, R.J. Harrison (2016) Variation in host and pathogen in the Neonectria/Malus interaction; towards an understanding of the genetic basis of resistance to European canker. Frontiers in Plant Science, 15 September 2016,
  4. Louisa Robinson Boyer, Feng Wei, Natallia Gulbis, Klara Hajdu, Richard Jonathan Harrison, Peter Jeffries, X-M. Xu (2016) The use of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to improve strawberry production in coir substrate. Frontiers in Plant Science. 19 August 2016,
  5. Zhao, G.-L. Zhang, B.-H. Li, X-M. Xu, X.-L. Dong, C.X. Wang and G.F. Li (2016) Seasonal dynamics of Botryosphaeria dothidea infections and symptom development on apple fruits and shoots in China. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 146, 507–518; DOI 10.1007/s10658-016-0935-5
  6. J-J Wang, F Tao, F An, YP Zou, W Tian, XM Chen, X-M Xu and XP Hu (2016) Wheat transcription factor TaWRKY70 is positively involved in high-temperature seedling-plant resistance to Puccinia striiformis f. sp. Tritici. Molecular Plant Pathology: DOI: 10.1111/mpp.12425
  7. Cao X-R, Yao D-M, Zhou Y-L, West JS, Xu X-M, Luo Y, Ding K-J, Fan J-R, Duan X-Y. (2016). Detection and quantification of airborne inoculum of Blumeria graminis sp. Tritici using quantitative PCR European Journal of Plant Pathology. 10.1007/s10658-016-0908-8
  8. Feng Wei, Rong Fang,  Thomas Passey, X-M. Xu (2016) Identification of candidate soil microbes responsible for small-scale heterogeneity in strawberry vigour. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 15, 2049-2058
  9. Ma  L-J, Qiao  J-X, Kong X-Y, Wang  J-J, Xu  X.-M, Hu  X-P (2016). An improved method for RNA extraction from urediniospores of and wheat leaves infected by an obligate fungal pathogen, Puccinia striiformis sp. Tritici. Journal of Integrative Agriculture DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(15)61250-3
  10. Feng Wei, Xiaoping Hu, X-M. Xu (2016) Dispersal of Bacillus subtilis and its effect on strawberry phyllosphere microbiota under open field and protection conditions. Scientific Report 6, Article number: 22611 (2016) doi:10.1038/srep22611
  11. Wei, T. Passey, X-M Xu (2016) Effects of individual and combined use of bio-fumigation-derived products on the viability of Verticillium dahliae microsclerotia in soil. Crop Protection, 79, 170-176;
  12. Wei, T.A.J. Passey, X.-M. Xu (2016) Amplicon-based metabarcoding reveals temporal response of soil microbial community to fumigation-derived products. Applied Soil Ecology, doi: 10.1016/j.apsoil.2016.03.009


  1. L-J Ma, X-Yu Kong, J-X Qiao, F An, X-P Hu, X-M Xu (2015) Overwintering of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici on winter wheat plants at sites of varying altitudes in Gansu and Qinghai provinces. Plant Disease
  2. A. J. Passey, M. W. Shaw, X.-M. Xu (2015) Differentiation in populations of the apple scab fungus Venturia inaequalis on cultivars in a mixed orchard remain over time. Plant Pathology DOI: 10.1111/ppa.12492
  3. Brown, M. Jeger, S. Kirk, X-M Xu, S. Denman (2015) Spatial and temporal patterns in symptom expression within woodland affected by Acute Oak Decline. Forestry Ecology and Management doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2015.10.026
  4. J. Ma, J.X. Qiao, X.Y. Kong, Y.P. Zou, X-M Xu, X-M Chen, X-P Hu (2015) Effect of low temperature and wheat winter-hardiness on survival of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici under controlled conditions. PLOS One 10(6): e0130691. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0130691
  5. Feng Wei, Wenjing Shang, Jiarong Yang, Xiaoping Hu, X-M. Xu (2015) Spatial Pattern of Verticillium dahliae Microsclerotia and Cotton Wilt in Commercial Fields, PLoS ONE 10(7): e0132812. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0132812
  6. X-M Xu, T Passey, F Wei, R Saville, RJ. Harrison (2015) Amplicon-based metagenomics identified candidate organisms in soils that caused yield decline in strawberry. Hort Res (Nature) 2, 15022; doi:10.1038/hortres.2015.22
  7. M.J. Jeger and X.-M. Xu (2015) Modelling biological control of a fungal plant pathogen which affects both leaves and flowers: implications for biocontrol strategies. Ecological Modelling, 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2015.06.015
  8. X-P Hu, LV Madden, S Edwards, X-M Xu (2015) Combining models is more likely to give better predictions. Phytopathology 105: 1174-82
  9. R. Cao, Y. Luo, Y.L .Zhou, J.R. Fan, X.-M. Xu, J.S. West, X.Y. Duan, D.F. Cheng (2015) Detection of powdery mildew in two winter wheat plant densities and prediction of grain yield using canopy hyperspectral reflectance. PLOS One, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0121462
  10. X-M. Xu and X.-P. Hu (2015) Statistical analysis of data commonly occurred in plant pathology. Chinese Plant Pathology (Chinese). Acta Phytopathologica Sinica, 45: 1-6
  11. Cao X–R, Yao D-M, Zhou Y-L, Ding K-J, Duan X-Y, Fan J-R, Luo Y, Xu X.-M (2015). Development of weather- and airborne inoculum-based models to describe disease severity of wheat powdery mildew. Plant Disease, 99: 395-400
  12. F Wei, R. Fan, H.-T. Dong, W.J. Shang, X-M. Xu, H.-Q Zhu, J.-R. Yang, X.-P. Hu (2015) Threshold microsclerotial inoculum for cotton Verticillium wilt determined through wet-sieving and real-time quantitative PCR. Phytopathology, 105: 220-229
  13. Debode, W. Van Hemelrijck, X.-M. Xu, M. Maes, P. Creemers, K. Heungens (2015) Latent introduction and spread of Colletotrichum acutatum in strawberry fields. Plant Pathology, 64: 385–395, DOI: 10.1111/ppa.12247
  14. L. Robinson-Bower, P. Brain, P. Jeffries, X.-M. Xu (2015) Effect of inoculation of drought-stressed strawberry with a mixed inoculum of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: qPCR studies of population dynamics of inoculum in roots. Mycorrhizae, 25: 215-27. DOI 10.1007/s00572-014-0603-6


  1. J-J Wang, F Tao, F An, X-M Xu, X-P Hu (2014) Selection of reference genes in wheat stressed by temperature and Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica, 44: 497-503.
  2. L. Robinson-Bower, P. Brain, P. Jeffries, X.-M. Xu (2014) Effect of inoculation of drought-stressed strawberry with a mixed inoculum of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: qPCR studies of population dynamics of inoculum in roots. Mycorrhizae DOI 10.1007/s00572-014-0603-6
  3. X.-M. Xu, N. Rungjindamai, P. Jeffries (2014) A novel strategy to reduce overwintering inoculum of Monilinia laxa. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 140: 591-596
  4. D.-F. Hu, W.-J. Shang, Y.W. Bai, X.-M. Xu, X.-P. Hu (2014) Whole genome wide expression profiles of germination of Verticillium dahliae microsclerotia. PLOS One, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0100046
  5. N. Rungjindamai, P. Jeffries, X.-M. Xu (2014) Epidemiology and management of brown rot on stone fruit caused by Monilinia laxa. European. Journal of Plant Pathology, 140: 1-17. DOI 10.1007/s10658-014-0452-3
  6. X.-M. Xu, C. N. Jay, M. T. Fountain, J. Linka, J. D. Fitzgerald (2014) Development and validation of a model forecasting the phenology of European tarnished plant bug (Lygus rugulipennis) in the UK. Agricultural and Forestry Entomology, 16: 265-272.
  7. X.-M. Xu, L.V. Madden, S.G. Edwards (2014) Relating HT2 andT2 toxin accumulation in field oat grains to environmental conditions. Phytopathology, 104: 57-66.
  8. X.-M. Xu, L.V. Madden (2014)The limits of the binary power law describing spatial variability for incidence data. Plant Pathology, 63: 973-82, 10.1111/ppa.12172


  1. X.-M. Xu, L.V. Madden, S.G. Edwards, F.M. Doohan, A. Moretti, L. Hornok, P. Nicholson, A. Rietini (2013) Developing logistic models to relate the accumulation of DON associated with Fusarium head blight to climatic conditions in Europe. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 137: 689-706.
  2. N. Rungjindamai, X.-M. Xu, P. Jeffries (2013) Identification and characterisation of new microbial Strains for biocontrol of Monilinia laxa, the causal agent of brown rot on stone fruit. Agronomy 3: 685-703; doi:10.3390/agronomy3040685.
  3. Li, B-N, Cao X-R, Chen L, Zhou Y-L, Duan X-Y, Luo Y, Fitt BDL, Xu X-M, Song Y-L, Wang B-T, Cao S-Q (2013) Application of geographic information systems to identify the oversummering regions of Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici in China. Plant Disease, 97: 1168-1174
  4. X.-M. Xu, M. J. Jeger (2013) Synergy may result from combined use of two biocontrol agents for controlling foliar pathogens under spatial heterogeneous conditions: a simulation study. Phytopathology,103:768-775
  5. X.-P. Hu, Y.-W. Bai, T. Chen, D.F. Hu, J.R. Yang, X.-M. Xu (2013) An optimized method for in vitro production of Verticillium dahliae microsclerotia. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 135: 225-229
  6. X.-M. Xu, M. J. Jeger (2013) Combined use of two biocontrol agents with different biocontrol mechanisms most likely results in less than expected efficacy in controlling foliar pathogens under fluctuating conditions: a modelling study. Phytopathology 103: 108-116
  7. X.-M. Xu, J.D. Robinson, M.A. Else (2013) Effects of nitrogen input and deficit irrigation within the commercial acceptable range on susceptibility of strawberry leaves to powdery mildew. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 135: 695-701
  8. X.-M. Xu, N. Harvey, A. Roberts, D.J. Barbara (2013) Population variation of apple scab (Venturia inaequalis) isolates within mixed orchards in the UK. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 135: 97-104

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