Recent publications – Xiangming Xu


  1. Cao X-R, Yao D-M, Zhou Y-L, West JS, Xu X-M, Luo Y, Ding K-J, Fan J-R, Duan X-Y. (2016). Detection and quantification of airborne inoculum of Blumeria graminis sp. Tritici using quantitative PCR European Journal of Plant Pathology. 10.1007/s10658-016-0908-8
  2. Rong Fang, Feng Wei, Thomas Passey, X-M. Xu (2016) Identification of candidate soil microbes responsible for small-scale heterogeneity in strawberry vigour. Journal of Integrative Agriculture (In press)
  3. Ma  L-J, Qiao  J-X, Kong X-Y, Wang  J-J, Xu  X.-M, Hu  X-P (2016). An improved method for RNA extraction from urediniospores of and wheat leaves infected by an obligate fungal pathogen, Puccinia striiformis sp. Tritici. Journal of Integrative Agriculture DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(15)61250-3
  4. Feng Wei, Xiaoping Hu & X-M. Xu (2016) Dispersal of Bacillus subtilis and its effect on strawberry phyllosphere microbiota under open field and protection conditions. Scientific Report 6, Article number: 22611 (2016) doi:10.1038/srep22611
  5. Wei, T. Passey, X-M Xu (2016) Effects of individual and combined use of bio-fumigation-derived products on the viability of Verticillium dahliae microsclerotia in soil. Crop Protection, 79, 170-176;
  6. Wei, T.A.J. Passey, X.-M. Xu (2016) Amplicon-based metabarcoding reveals temporal response of soil microbial community to fumigation-derived products. Applied Soil Ecology, doi: 10.1016/j.apsoil.2016.03.009


  1. L-J Ma, X-Yu Kong, J-X Qiao, F An, X-P Hu, X-M Xu (2015) Overwintering of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici on winter wheat plants at sites of varying altitudes in Gansu and Qinghai provinces. Plant Disease
  1. A. J. Passey, M. W. Shaw, X.-M. Xu (2015) Differentiation in populations of the apple scab fungus Venturia inaequalis on cultivars in a mixed orchard remain over time. Plant Pathology DOI: 10.1111/ppa.12492
  2. Brown, M. Jeger, S. Kirk, X-M Xu and S. Denman. (2015) Spatial and temporal patterns in symptom expression within woodland affected by Acute Oak Decline. Forestry Ecology and Management doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2015.10.026
  3. J. Ma, J.X. Qiao, X.Y. Kong, Y.P. Zou, X-M Xu, X-M Chen, X-P Hu. (2015) Effect of low temperature and wheat winter-hardiness on survival of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici under controlled conditions. PLOS One 10(6): e0130691. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0130691
  4. Feng Wei, Wenjing Shang, Jiarong Yang, Xiaoping Hu, -M. Xu (2015) Spatial Pattern of Verticillium dahliae Microsclerotia and Cotton Wilt in Commercial Fields, PLoS ONE 10(7): e0132812. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0132812
  5. X-M Xu, T Passey, F Wei, R Saville, RJ. Harrison (2015) Amplicon-based metagenomics identified candidate organisms in soils that caused yield decline in strawberry. Hort Res (Nature) 2, 15022; doi:10.1038/hortres.2015.22
  6. J. Jeger and X.-M. Xu (2015). Modelling biological control of a fungal plant pathogen which affects both leaves and flowers: implications for biocontrol strategies. Ecological Modelling, 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2015.06.015
  7. X-P Hu, LV Madden, S Edwards, X-M Xu (2015) Combining models is more likely to give better predictions. Phytopathology 105: 1174-82
  8. R. Cao, Y. Luo, Y.L .Zhou, J.R. Fan, X.-M. Xu, J.S. West, X.Y. Duan, D.F. Cheng (2015) Detection of powdery mildew in two winter wheat plant densities and prediction of grain yield using canopy hyperspectral reflectance. PLOS One, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0121462
  9. -M. Xu and X.-P. Hu (2015) Statistical analysis of data commonly occurred in plant pathology. Chinese Plant Pathology (Chinese). Acta Phytopathologica Sinica, 45: 1-6
  10. Cao X–R, Yao D-M, Zhou Y-L, Ding K-J, Duan X-Y, Fan J-R, Luo Y & Xu X.-M (2015). Development of weather- and airborne inoculum-based models to describe disease severity of wheat powdery mildew. Plant Disease, 99: 395-400
  11. F Wei, R. Fan, H.-T. Dong, W.J. Shang, -M. Xu, H.-Q Zhu, J.-R. Yang, and X.-P. Hu (2015) Threshold microsclerotial inoculum for cotton Verticillium wilt determined through wet-sieving and real-time quantitative PCR. Phytopathology, 105: 220-229
  12. Debode, W. Van Hemelrijck, X.-M. Xu, M. Maes, P. Creemers and K. Heungens. (2015) Latent introduction and spread of Colletotrichum acutatum in strawberry fields. Plant Pathology, 64: 385–395, DOI: 10.1111/ppa.12247
  13. Robinson-Bower, P. Brain, P. Jeffries, X.-M. Xu, (2015) Effect of inoculation of drought-stressed strawberry with a mixed inoculum of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: qPCR studies of population dynamics of inoculum in roots. Mycorrhizae, 25: 215-27. DOI 10.1007/s00572-014-0603-6


  1. J-J Wang, F Tao, F An, X-M Xu, X-P Hu (2014) Selection of reference genes in wheat stressed by temperature and Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica, 44: 497-503.
  2. L. Robinson-Bower, P. Brain, P. Jeffries, X.-M. Xu, (2014) Effect of inoculation of drought-stressed strawberry with a mixed inoculum of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: qPCR studies of population dynamics of inoculum in roots. Mycorrhizae DOI 10.1007/s00572-014-0603-6
  3. X.-M. Xu Nattawut Rungjindamai and Peter Jeffries (2014) A novel strategy to reduce overwintering inoculum of Monilinia laxa. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 140: 591-596
  4. D.-F. Hu, W.-J. Shang, Y.W. Bai, X.-M. Xu, and X.-P. Hu (2014). Whole genome wide expression profiles of germination of Verticillium dahliae microsclerotia. PLOS One, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0100046
  5. J. Debode, W. Van Hemelrijck, X.-M. Xu, M. Maes, P. Creemers and K. Heungens. (2014) Latent introduction and spread of Colletotrichum acutatum in strawberry fields. Plant Pathology, DOI: 10.1111/ppa.12247
  6. Nattawut Rungjindamai, Peter Jeffries and X.-M. Xu (2014) Epidemiology and management of brown rot on stone fruit caused by Monilinia laxa. European. Journal of Plant Pathology, 140: 1-17. DOI 10.1007/s10658-014-0452-3
  7. X.-M. Xu, C. N. Jay, M. T. Fountain, J. Linka and J. D. Fitzgerald (2014) Development and validation of a model forecasting the phenology of European tarnished plant bug (Lygus rugulipennis) in the UK. Agricultural and Forestry Entomology, 16: 265-272.
  8. X.-M. Xu, L.V. Madden, S.G. Edwards (2014). Relating HT2 andT2 toxin accumulation in field oat grains to environmental conditions. Phytopathology, 104: 57-66.
  9. X.-M. Xu and L.V. Madden (2014)The limits of the binary power law describing spatial variability for incidence data. Plant Pathology, 63: 973-82, 10.1111/ppa.12172


  1. X.-M. Xu, L.V. Madden, S.G. Edwards, F.M. Doohan, A. Moretti, L. Hornok, P. Nicholson and A. Rietini (2013) Developing logistic models to relate the accumulation of DON associated with Fusarium head blight to climatic conditions in Europe. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 137: 689-706.
  2. Nattawut Rungjindamai, X.-M. XuandPeter Jeffries (2013) Identification and characterisation of new microbial Strains for biocontrol of Monilinia laxa, the causal agent of brown rot on stone fruit. Agronomy 3: 685-703; doi:10.3390/agronomy3040685.
  3. Li, B-N, Cao X-R, Chen L, Zhou Y-L, Duan X-Y, Luo Y, Fitt BDL, Xu X-M, Song Y-L, Wang B-T and Cao S-Q (2013). Application of geographic information systems to identify the oversummering regions of Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici in China. Plant Disease, 97: 1168-1174
  4. X.-M. Xu, M. J. Jeger (2013). Synergy may result from combined use of two biocontrol agents for controlling foliar pathogens under spatial heterogeneous conditions: a simulation study. Phytopathology,103:768-775
  5. X.-P. Hu, Y.-W. Bai, T. Chen, D.F. Hu, J.R. Yang, X.-M. Xu (2013). An optimized method for in vitro production of Verticillium dahliae microsclerotia. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 135: 225-229
  6. X.-M. Xu, M. J. Jeger (2013). Combined use of two biocontrol agents with different biocontrol mechanisms most likely results in less than expected efficacy in controlling foliar pathogens under fluctuating conditions: a modelling study. Phytopathology 103: 108-116
  7. X.-M. Xu, J.D. Robinson and M.A. Else (2013). Effects of nitrogen input and deficit irrigation within the commercial acceptable range on susceptibility of strawberry leaves to powdery mildew. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 135: 695-701
  8. X.-M. Xu, N. Harvey, A. Roberts and D.J. Barbara (2013). Population variation of apple scab (Venturia inaequalis) isolates within mixed orchards in the UK. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 135: 97-104


  1. X.-M. Xu (2012). Super-races are not likely to dominate a fungal population within a life time of a perennial crop plantation of cultivar mixtures: a simulation study. BMC Ecology, 12:16 (doi 10.1186/1472-6785-12-16)
  2. X-P Hu, J-J Li, Y-T Wang, B-T Wang, Q Li, Z-S Kang, X-M Xu, M-N Yang, Y-L Peng, T-G L, W-G Chen (2012) Race composition of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici in Tibet, China. Plant Diseases 96: 1615-1620
  3. Alexandra Pintye, Zsolt Bereczky, Gábor M. Kovács, X-M Xu, Sara Elisabetta Legler, Zsuzsanna Váczy, Kálmán Zoltán Váczy, Tito Caffi, Vittorio Rossi, and Levente Kiss (2012) No indication of strict host associations in a widespread mycoparasite: grapevine powdery mildew (Erysiphe necator) is attacked by phylogenetically diverse Ampelomyces strains in the field. Phytopathology 102: 707-716
  4. A.B. Kriss, P.A. Paul., X.-M. Xu, P. Nicholson, F.M. Doohan, L. Hornok, A. Rietini, S.G. Edwards and L.V. Madden (2012) Quantification of the relationship between the environment and Fusarium head blight, Fusarium pathogen density, and mycotoxins in winter wheat in Europe. European Journal of Plant Pathology 133: 975-993
  5. Kriss, A.B., Madden, L.V., Paul, P.A., and Xu, X.-M. (2012) Heterogeneity of Fusarium head blight of wheat: Multi-scale distributions and temporal variation in relation to environment. Online, Plant Health Progress, doi: 10.1094/PHP-2012-0723-01-RS
  6. B-H. Li, L.V. Madden and X.-M. Xu (2012) Spatial analysis by distance indices: an alternative local clustering index for studying spatial patterns. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 3: 368–377
  7. T.M. O’Neill, E. Wedgwood, A.M. Berrie, J. Allen and X.-M. Xu. (2012) Management of raspberry grey mould under protection. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 32: 673-682
  8. X.-M. Xu, E. Wedgwood, A.M. Berrie, J. Allen and T.M. O’Neill (2012) Epidemiology of strawberry and raspberry grey mould in open field and under protection. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 32: 531-543
  9. M.T. Fountain, A.L. Harris, X.-M. Xu and J.V. Cross (2012) Timing and efficacy of insecticides for control of mussel scale on apple. Crop protection, 31: 58-66


  1. W. W. Turechek, L. V. Madden, D. H. Gent, and X.-M, Xu(2011) Comments Regarding the Binary Power Law for Heterogeneity of DiseaseIncidence. Phytopathology 101: 1396-1407
  2. X.-M. Xu, P. Jeffries, M Pautasso and M.J. Jeger (2011). A numerical study of combined use of two biocontrol agentswith different biocontrol mechanisms in controlling foliar pathogens Phytopathology 101: 1032-1044
  3. X.-M. Xu, P. Jeffries, M. Pautasso, M. J. Jeger (2011). Combined use of biocontrol agents to manage plant diseases in theory and practice: a review. Phytopathology 101: 1024-1031
  4. X.-M. Xu (2011) A simulation study on managing plant diseases by systematically altering spatial positions of cultivar mixture components between seasons. Plant Pathology 60: 857-865
  5. Berrie A.-M., Xu X.-M.. David Johnson (2011) Lower temperatures more effective than atmosphere modification in controlling botrytis and nectria rots in stored apples. Journal of Phytopathology 159: 73-79
  6. M. Moslonka-Lefebvre.A. Finley,I. Dorigatti, K. Dehnen-Schmutz, T. Harwood, M.J. Jeger, X.-M. Xu, O. Holdenriederand M Pautasso (2011). Networks in plant epidemiology: from genesto landscapes,countries and continents. Phytopathology 101: 392-403
  7. L. Kiss, A. Pintye, G. M. Kovács, T. Jankovics, M. C. Fontaine, N. Harvey, X.-M. Xu, P. C. Nicot, M. Bardin, J. A. Shykoff, and T. Giraud (2011) Temporal isolation explains host-related genetic differentiation in a group of widespread mycoparasitic fungi. Molecular Ecology 20: 1492-1507

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